Original story by Dr. Tas Walker Creation Ministries International

Biochemistry and beginnings

Peter Borger
Dr. Peter Borger is an expert on the molecular biology of signal transduction and gene expression. Since October 2019, Peter works for Wort und Wissen, a German creation science association.

Peter Borger has been interested in science ever since he can remember. Encouraged by his father, who was a biology teacher, Peter excelled in biology, paleontology, and cosmology.

He was often out and about in nature, collecting fossils and stones. He read science magazines and was fascinated by questions about human and animal origins.

Peter says he doesn't remember his family ever attending church, but that his father would tell the family Bible stories. "Bible stories were part of my early childhood," he recalls. Through his teenage years he lived a very secular lifestyle.

Peter's interest in origins led him to major in molecular genetics and biochemistry in his master's degree. "In my mind, these concerned the very foundation of life," he says. What Peter discovered amazed him.

"The complexity of the chemistry of life is immense; nothing is left to chance," he marvels. "I saw interconnected biochemical systems closely working together to maintain the cell, without which life would be impossible. They were cooperating systems.

"That convinced me that evolution, as taught at the academy and popularised by materialistic philosophers such as Richard Dawkins could not be right. I realised that life cannot be explained by naturalistic means, and so must be the work of an intelligent creator."

Peter started his Ph.D. studies in 1993, when little was known about gene expression in humans. Peter said, "Nobody knew in detail how and when genes were switched on and off."

One of the genes he studied was the IL4 gene, which specifies how to build the protein known as interleukin-4. Understanding how this gene produces interleukin-4 is important as too much of this protein can cause allergies, asthma, and dermatitis.

The more he discovered about the body's systems, the more Peter was convinced of the evidence for intelligent design.

In July 2001, Peter began a post-doctorate in Sydney, Australia and says it was there he realised there was no such thing as an evolution theory.

When Peter studied population genetics, it was presented as scientific evidence for Darwin's theory of evolution and natural selection. He says he found to the contrary that there was no support for the belief that apelike creatures somehow evolved into humans because for that theory to hold true, brand new DNA sequences would need to be produced. "I realised that population genetics provides no support for the claimed ape-to-man evolution because it has no mechanism to generate new genetic information," he posits.

Peter explained some surprising findings from studies of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in women.

Studies show there is very little variability in the mtDNA among women, which indicates that all women alive today must have come from a very small human population not that long ago. The same characteristic is found in the human Y (or male) chromosome.

This is entirely consistent with the biblical account that all people are descended from one founding couple – Adam and Eve.

"But the timing of this founding couple was problematic," Peter says. "Reports claim they lived 100,000 years ago or more, which is much older than the Bible indicates for Adam and Eve. But when I checked, I realised that the calculated date assumed the long ages.

"It is assumed that apes and people evolved from a common ancestor five million years ago. If we discard this Darwinian assumption and use experimentally measured mutation rates, the origin of mankind, is reduced to 6,000 years. This is fully in accordance with the biblical timeframe.

"These findings support Genesis, not Darwin. Of course, there are always questions that need to be addressed, such as when a report appears that seems to fit the Darwinian paradigm and contradict the biblical one. That is the nature of science. Such anomalies simply call for more research, which will reveal an answer in the creation paradigm."

Peter's book, Darwin Revisited, scientifically refutes the Darwinian paradigm and presents a novel theory to explain rapid speciation. It was the only book critical of evolution published in the Netherlands in 2009, the Year of Darwin. Since then he has been regularly invited to present his ideas in the Netherlands, the USA, and Germany.

So why is all this significant? Peter explains: "The issue of evolution and Genesis creation is hugely important for our understanding of who we are, why we are here, and why things are the way they are.

"Evolution has suffering and death in the world for millions of years. However, Genesis clearly teaches that God created this world "very good", so there was no suffering, disease, or death. These entered because Adam and Eve disobeyed their Creator.

Dr. Peter Borger has an M.Sc. in biology with honours (biochemistry and molecular genetics), and a Ph.D. in medical sciences. He has worked at several outstanding science institutes at the University of Groningen, Netherlands; the University of Sydney, Australia, and the University of Basel, Switzerland. He is currently researching the non-protein coding part of the genome and how it is involved in generating variation and speciation.

"1 Corinthians 15:21–22 says: For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive." In other words, the good news of the bodily resurrection of Jesus Christ comes out of the bad news that bodily death came through sin, as explained in Genesis.

"My experience with science, molecular genetics, and biochemistry has confirmed the truth of the events in Genesis and given me a wonderful confidence in the good news presented in the New Testament. When I examined the Bible and compared it with my scientific studies, I found the answers to my long-held quest to understand origins in our wonderful and enigmatic world."

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